Wind power could cover 15.7% of the electricity demand in the EU in 2020 if investments are made and if binding targets are imposed on the States, said Tuesday the European Wind Energy Association (EWEA), the producers of wind power lobby.
Wind power currently covers 5.3% of the electricity demand of the EU with an installed capacity of 84.34 Gigawatts (GW) with 81.4 GW on land and only 2.9 GW offshore, said the EWEA in a report published Tuesday in Brussels.
If the conditions requested by producers are met, it should have a production capacity of 230 GW in 2020 (190 GW on land and 40 GW offshore) to cover 15.7% of demand in 2020, the equivalent to the consumption of all households together in France, Germany, Poland and the United Kingdom.
But for this, the EU should impose binding targets for member states to increase the share of renewables in electricity consumption by 19% to 34% in 2020, said EWEA.
The European Union has set a target of 20% renewables in electricity consumption in 2020.
According to Commission estimates, wind power should provide 9.4% of the electricity demand in the EU in 2015, 15.7% in 2020 and 28.5% in 2030.
The European Union must also make significant investments in infrastructure to transport electricity from wind energy production sites to consumers, EWEA stresses.
To achieve this capacity from 230 GW in 2020 with the wind, the EU should invest annually 26.6 billion euros (16.2 billion on land and 10.4 billion for offshore installations), the precise association.
The EU then would save 23.9 billion euros for its oil bill with a barrel to 97.4 euros and would reduce its annual CO2 emissions of 341.6 million tonnes.
To achieve the objectives recommended by the EWEA, France should quadruple its production capacity of wind power, and carry a 5.6 GW in 2010 to 23 GW in 2020, including 4 GW of offshore wind farms to create.
The French government has launched in July a first tender for the construction of 600 wind turbines with a capacity of 3000 MW installed by 2015 at sea off the coast of the Channel and Atlantic. The French objective is to produce 6,000 MW in 2020.
Germany for its part should almost double its capacity and bring it to 27.2 GW (GW 27.12 0.92 GW on land and at sea) to 49 GW (41 GW on land and at sea 8).
All EU states are required to considerable effort, EWEA stresses. Finland should increase its production capacity by 9, Luxembourg by 7, the United Kingdom and Greece by 5, Belgium, the Netherlands and Sweden by 4, Spain and Denmark 2.