World

The war has killed more than 400,000 Syrians

Des Syriens dans les ruines d'immeubles bombardés, dans le nord d'Alep.

The Syrians in the ruins of bombed out buildings in northern Aleppo Photo credits:. Thaer MOHAMMED / AFP

While the UN halted its own statistics, a Syrian NGO estimates that 11.5% of the country’s population was killed or injured in a conflict that has lasted nearly five years.

the British newspaper the Guardian Thursday released the damning report of a Syrian NGO, the Syrian Centre for Policy Research (CSPR) that paints a devastating picture of the state of the country after five years of civil war. According to the NGO, the number of deaths caused by the conflict would reach 470,000, a much higher figure than the official estimates of the UN, which had stopped at 250,000 dead after stopping statistics ago nine- eight months for lack of data. There are six months in August, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, based in London, also estimated at 250,000 the number of victims. This was before the Russian military involvement occurred at the end of September.

According to the CSPR, the 470,000 recorded deaths, 400,000 were due to direct violence, and other 70,000 lack of food, of water and various diseases related to a lack of health infrastructure. “We used very rigorous research methods, and are confident of our figures, told Guardian report author, Rabie Nasser we think the numbers UN under-estimate the number of victims due to lack of information. ”

According to the report, it would be nearly 11.5% of the total population of the devastated country allegedly injured or killed in the conflict. The number of casualties would reach 1.9 million. Life expectancy in the country has fallen from 70 years in 2010 to 55.4 years in 2015. The organization defines itself as “a non-profit independent think-tank” based in Damascus. The report was prepared in partnership with the American University of Beirut.

69.3% of Syrians in extreme poverty

This report comes as multiply keystrokes au over Aleppo, and a multitude of Syrian refugees fleeing northbound bombs regime and Moscow, as well as the Iranian Shiite militias advancing to recapture the town the rebels.

the report, “Addressing fragmentation” (Confronting fragmentation) also points to the devastating impact of war on the country’s infrastructure, whether transport or public health. “Fragmentation, defined as the radical breakdown of economic, political, social and cultural … Syria has become a black hole that returns all local resource or humanitarian or material in international sabotage tool or chaos,” the authors write . The estimated loss of GDP at the end of 2015 is 254.7 billion, equivalent to 468% of GDP in 2010. Despite the armed conflict, the agricultural sector is the only one who manages to positive growth for the first time since 2011. the poverty rate reached 85.2% in 2015. 69.3% of Syrians living in extreme poverty.

the conflict in Syria was triggered in March 2011 by the bloody repression peaceful anti-government protests that degenerated into armed revolt and brutal civil war, with a dramatic humanitarian record. The fighting involving government, rebels, Kurds and jihadists who clash over territory increasingly fragmented, with more than half the population displaced or refugee.

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