Over 400,000 refugees in Turkey Syrian children are deprived of school because control Turkish language and lack of resources, a phenomenon that contributes to increasing migration to Europe is concerned Human Rights Watch (HRW) .
Improving enrollment rates
In a 61-page report released Monday, the NGO urges the Turkish Government and its international partners to make efforts to rapidly improve the enrollment of Syrian children. “Do not provide education to Syrian children exposes a generation at great risk,” said one of the report’s authors, Stephanie Gee. “Without real hope for a better future, desperate Syrian refugees may choose to risk their lives to return to Syria or to undertake a dangerous exodus to Europe,” she added in a statement HRW.
Children forced to beg
Under its so-called “open door” policy, Turkey hosted officially since 2011 some 2.2 million Syrians who fled the war in their country. Only 250,000 of them live in camps, others who preferred to settle in cities, where most live in extreme poverty. According to figures cited by the Turkish government to HRW, 212,000 of 708,000 Syrians school age were enrolled in the Turkish public education system in 2014-2015. To survive, many Syrian children are forced to beg or work illegally in exchange for low wages.
Rejection of a part of the population
The authorities in Ankara officially granted in September 2014 to Syrian children have access to the Turkish school system, but integration remains limited, notably due to language, lack of resources and information, and the rejection of part of the Turkish population, deplores the NGO. “Donors and the Turkish government should ensure that Syrian children attend school, to provide them now a certain level of stability, but also to protect their longer-term future,” Ms. Gee estimated.
The fund UN Children’s Fund (Unicef) estimated that nearly three million the number of Syrian children deprived of education by war, inside and outside the country.
For several months, many Syrians have left the shores of Turkey, often in very dangerous conditions, to travel to the Greek islands, the point of entry to the European Union (EU).