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Referendum: the non-Greek shook the eurozone

Des partisans du Non fêtent leur victoire à Athènes.

Supporters of No celebrate their victory in Athens Photo credit:. Petros Giannakouris / AP

After the massive rejection of the reform plan creditors of Athens, a summit of the nineteen euro countries will meet on Tuesday


Coup de poker to oppose the “blackmail” of creditors of Greece or Pyrrhic victory, as significant threats to the future of Europe, the Greek Prime Minister has in any case Sunday won his bet.

Based on a quarter of the ballots counted, the non the referendum convened on Sunday by Alexis Tsipras prevailed with 61% of votes. Demonstrations of joy non supporters took place Sunday night in the streets of the capital. “We have today written a new page in the history of Greece,” the Prime Minister said, Alexis Tsipras, adding that “this time the debt will be on the negotiating table.” The leader of the Conservative opposition and former Prime Minister Antonis Samaras has resigned from the leadership of his party.

Very quickly, the Elysee announced that a meeting would take place on Monday in Paris between Hollande and Angela Merkel. The directors Treasury countries in the euro area will also meet on Monday ahead of a summit of Heads of State and Government of the euro area called for Tuesday. Jean-Claude Juncker, President of the European Commission, has simply “taken note” of the Greek vote, he “respects”. It will consult on Monday the president of the European Council, Donald Tusk, that of the ECB, Mario Draghi, and the boss of the Eurogroup Jeroen Dijsselbloem.

“Failure is today a big yes to a democratic Europe ”

Yanis Varoufakis

In Athens, the spokesman of the government, Gabriel Sakellaridis, said that” the initiatives to achieve agreement “between Athens and its creditors EU and IMF” would intensify “and could” fill very quickly. ” The Bank of Greece on Sunday evening would send a request to the European Central Bank (ECB) to raise the ceiling of the emergency aid to banks, which have been closed for a week and may lack funds quickly. The flamboyant Greek Finance Minister, Yanis Varoufakis, who described as “terrorists” donors of Greece, said that “today is not a big yes to a democratic Europe.” He said he would meet in the evening the main bankers of the country.

Spectrum Grexit

The Greeks voted after several days of heated debates between lenei (“yes “) and the oxi (” no “) – it defended” trust “by Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras. According to him, it was only to say no to new austerity measures, rejecting the latest proposal of European aid. But this vote “will determine the future course of European integration,” said Pawel Tokarski, an analyst with Science and Politics Foundation (SWP) in Berlin. A Grexit – the specter of a Greek exit from the euro zone – would be the effect of a “disastrous signal” to EU partners, warned the German Foreign Minister, Frank-Walter Steinmeier

The Spanish Prime Minister, Mariano Rajoy, convened Monday morning the ministers responsible for Economic and Financial Affairs to analyze the results of the Greek referendum. In Italy, the foreign minister, Paolo Gentiloni, said that “now it is just to start to seek agreement. But the Greek labyrinth we do not leave with a weak Europe and without growth. ”

” The Greek government must explain how he sees the way forward, respecting the European procedures, added the Prime Minister of Luxembourg, Xavier Bettel. The negotiations have not become easier but Europe is strong and I am hopeful that we will find a solution. “For Russia, which seems to rejoice, Greece has made” a step towards the exit the euro zone, “said a Russian Deputy Economy Minister Alexei Likhachev, while judging premature to say if Greece” would go through the path. ”

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