a pontificate that has just begun, and already several historical images. At the top of the Vatican March 13, 2013, there are just three years, the Pope Francis imposed its sovereign pontiff image open to the world, committed to dialogue between religions and ecumenism . First non-European pope Jorge Mario Bergoglio from Argentina, has increased travel and symbolic interventions and strong meetings, endorsing the costume diplomat pope, as did before him John XXIII Paul VI and John Paul II . Back in pictures on the highlights of the diplomacy of Pope Francis.
> June 2014. Prayer at the Vatican
A little over a year after his arrival at the head of the Catholic Church, Pope Francis made the first significant gesture. May 25, 2014, in full trip Holy Land Francis, while in Bethlehem, invites the Israeli and Palestinian presidents Shimon Peres and Mahmoud Abbas, to go to Rome to celebrate a prayer at the Vatican . The approach is unique and extraordinary. Appointment is taken a few days later, on June 8 Both politicians go to the Holy See to take part in Jewish prayer, followed by a Christian prayer and a Muslim prayer .
The stronger still: the handshake Shimon Peres and Mahmoud Abbas, before planting an olive tree. If the meeting was presented as a moment of communion between the three great monotheistic religions, image, highly political and symbolic, came to realize the call for peace between Israel and Palestine, pronounced by the Pope when he was in the holy Land. And its firm commitment to interreligious dialogue
> November 2014. Discourse facing Europe
The movement lasted only four hours, the shortest performed by a pope to ‘foreign. November 25, 2014, Jorge Mario Bergoglio is a return to Strasbourg express , to speak before the European Parliament and the Council of Europe. This is the first time in twenty-six years and the coming of John Paul II in 1988 , a pope comes to meet the European institutions.
Greeted warmly by members, the head of the Catholic Church addresses a roadmap for the EU’s attention, collage evoking the “aging” of Europe, the ” selfishness “and” disillusionment “that seem to have taken over the European peoples, before addressing the issue of immigration, and to call for fight against extremism. But if the left image is strong, the Pope’s speech also reveals firm, including issues of euthanasia and abortion, and cutting sharply with the pope open image conveyed that since the beginning of his pontificate.
> September 2015: meeting with Fidel Castro in Cuba
The Pope’s visit to Cuba was confirmed only late in April 2015, grafted to his trip to the States -United. It is involved in a particular context: a few months earlier, the Pope assured a crucial role in the thaw between Havana and Washington in endorsing the as an intermediary between the two capitals . In the summer of 2014, he had in fact sent letters to Barack Obama and Raul Castro, to encourage a rapprochement. Delegations from the two countries have also been received at the Vatican.
The papal diplomacy, a new genre, has borne fruit, since December 17, 2014, the United States and Cuba announced a historic rapprochement in their relations after more than fifty years of diplomatic freeze.
By going to Cuba, September 19, 2015, Pope Francis thus arrived in conquered territory and had confirmed its commitment to the Caribbean island regain its place on the international stage. If it has not met with dissidents during his four-day visit (during which 3,500 political prisoners were released), the pope chained speech, masses and walkabouts, but also met the former leader of the country, Fidel Castro .
> September 2015: invitation to the White House
As if to illustrate the bridge he helped restore between Cuba and its neighbor, the pope flies directly to Washington, since the island on 22 September 2015. during his six-day visit, he gives a particular giant Mass at Madison Square Garden New York, visits the World Site Trade Center, and takes walkabouts on 5th Avenue and Central Park
Received in the White House -. it is the third pope to go there, after John Paul II and Benedict XVI – it appears complicit with US President Barack Obama, before going to Congress to deliver a speech to the parliamentarians at a special session, a first for a sovereign pontiff. A speech in which he called in particular to act against global warming and to abolish the death penalty.
But Pope Francis does not stop there. In Philadelphia last leg of his US tour, he meets a group of victims of pedophile acts committed by priests scandal that has plagued the American Catholic Church, promising that “all those responsible will be accountable . ”
> November 2015 visit to a mosque in the Central
on November 30, 2015, when he completes an African tour that took him to Kenya, Uganda and Central Africa, the Pope visits the Grand mosque in Bangui , the CAR capital. In Koudoukou mosque, located in the PK-5, the last Muslim stronghold of the city protected by UN troops, the head of the Catholic Church addresses 250 Muslims, to whom he said: “Christians and Muslims are brothers. ”
A highly symbolic sentence of reconciliation between religious communities in this country where Christians and Muslims are killing each other since 2013.
> February 2016: historic meeting with Russian Patriarch
Beginning in 2016, the Pope made another detour to Cuba before his visit to Mexico, to meet this time the P atriarche Russian Orthodox Cyrille . The appointment is historic and for good reason: it is the first meeting between the two leaders of these churches since the schism between Christians of East and West, there are nearly a thousand years, in 1054.
“Finally, we see ourselves, we are brothers,” said Pope Francis, after kissing on the cheeks several times the Patriarch of Moscow, in an airport lounge of Havana, on 12 February. Both religious then sign a joint declaration in which is mentioned in particular the Ukrainian crisis.
The reunion, held in the utmost secrecy, are a major event in the religious history, driven by the pope himself and his ideas on ecumenism, which can be explained by its Argentine origins, a land of immigration, explains Constance Colonna-Cesari, a journalist specializing Vatican interrogated by L’Observateur . The meeting also symbolizes the outstretched hand of Pope Francis to Moscow, which has displeased many Ukrainian religious leaders, who denounce minimizing the responsibility of Russia in the conflict between Kiev and Moscow.