World

Why some countries change their flag

Les changements sont souvent liés à des bouleversements politiques.

The changes are often linked to political upheavals.

New Zealand has asked its citizens to vote to choose a new standard. This country is not the first to introduce such a change, often a symbol of a new beginning for the nation.

The New Zealanders they retain their “colonial relic”, as defined Prime Minister John Key or do they opt for the silver fern of the All Blacks? Flanked by the Union Jack, the current flag symbolize the British colonisiateur too. For Cedric FOUGEROLLE, secretary general of the French society of vexillology (the study of flags and flags), the changes are often linked to a desire for emancipation. “A change of flag marks the independence of a country but also a new beginning, he says. This is the case of Burma in 2010, on the occasion of the holding of the first elections in twenty years. “While Fiji and Australia are also considering breaking with the past, back to a selection of the latest countries have initiated changes since 2004.

Paraguay in 2013

Paraguay is the latest country to have changed its flag. Only the coat of arms at the center has been simplified in order to be closer to his original form. The red circle arranged around the coat of arms disappeared, giving way to white. The flag represents the three republican colors: red, white and blue. Red symbolizes patriotism, courage, equality and justice. White, perseverance, unity, peace and purity of ideas. Blue kindness, love, intelligence, sense of reality and freedom. Paraguay is the only flag in the world to have a flag on two different sides. Upside, is the star that represents the date of independence, May 14, 1811. On the reverse, the lion surmounted by a Phrygian cap and the words “Peace and Justice” represents freedom.

Malawi in 2012

This flag marks the new era Malawi. On coming to power, President Joyce Banda announced that the original flag of independence, sacred to the people, will be restored. “The change was an unfair attack against the direction of the nation in this country, an attack against a symbol that Malawians especially fond and passionate,” had declared the Speaker of Parliament, Henry Phoya, reports Slate. Ironic for a country that had changed flag two years ago, opting for a white sun in the middle of the three color bands: red, black and green. The operation would have cost 8 million euros to poor countries forced to apply the change on all administrative elements.

Libya in 2011

Struck with a crescent and a white star, the flag is the emblem of the old monarchy of King Idris of Libya 1 overthrown by Gaddafi in 1969. Its symbolism is strong: it was brandished by opponents of the dictator in the civil war in 2011. the flag was very old, was inspired by an old standard from the Ottoman domination, so black and white. “I wish the new free Libya is a dignified country where human rights are respected,” Ibrahim announced ALDREDI, Ambassador of the new Libya to the UN, during its implementation. On his arrival at the head of the country, Qaddafi had established a uniform green flag representing Islam and symbolizing the “green revolution.”

Burma 2010

new name and new flag: 2010 was one of change for Burma, became the “Republic of the Union of Myanmar.” The reforms in the Constitution in 2008, only came into force two years later. If the flag has experienced a profound change, the reasons remain unknown. Astrological hypotheses have been advanced. The previous flag was red. It showed, top left, a blue rectancle containing a rice ear in front of a gear. Rice represented the country and the gear workers.

Georgia in 2004

The new flag was adopted following a competition by Parliament during the coming to power of a new government. Called “five cross flag”, he repeats that the United National Movement, the party of the new president at the time, Mikhail Saakashvili. In the four districts formed by the large cross, there are four cross called “bolnour-katskhouri” red. White represents innocence, chastity, purity and wisdom and red courage, bravery, justice and love. The flag had been widely used during the Rose Revolution, a peaceful movement that led to the ouster in November 2003, the president and former head of the Communist Party (PC) of Georgia, Shevardnadze Edouad.

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