The number of attacks and hostages taken by pirates in Africa declined in 2011 compared to 2010, announced the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) based on a document of the International Maritime (IMB) on Thursday.
In 2011, hackers launched 439 attacks (against 445 in 2010) with 275 off the coast of Somalia and the Gulf of Guinea. They did 802 hostages, while in 2010, there had been 1181, a record for four years.
Eight people were killed in pirate attacks in 2010 and 2011.
Most attacks are perpetrated by Somali pirates. According to the IMB, however, they succeed less often (28 in 2011 against 49 in 2010) thanks to the efforts of the international forces in the fight against maritime piracy patrolling the Gulf of Aden since 2008.