USA

Syrian policy of Barack Obama challenged

Le président américain, Barack Obama, à Washington, le 14 juin 2016.

Washington has suffered a new humiliation Syria. On 15 June, the rebels equipped and supported by the United States to fight the Islamic State organization (EI), near the border with Iraq were bombed by Russian aviation. The Pentagon has expressed his displeasure during a videoconference organized Saturday with Russian officials, but Moscow has supported, Sunday, June 19, that Washington had not given him the exact positions of these forces.

the Russian bombing highlights the fragility of the official American position, which focuses exclusively on the fight against EI. Especially since it coincided with the publication of an internal memo written by fifty-one officials of the State Department who believe their country is wrong in Syria and should consider an appeal “wise” force against the Syrian regime.

protesters have borrowed a confidential internal channel reserved for the expression of differing interpretations with respect to policies pursued. But these diplomats do are not content because the New York Times and Wall Street Journal have also reported in their Friday editions, thanks to leaks. The spokesman of the State Department, John Kirby, agreed, Friday, June 17, that the high number of signatories was “unusual”.

risk of stagnation

the thesis defended antithetical to the line adopted since August 2013, by President Barack Obama. According to the reasoning of the latter, elected in part on his opposition to the invasion of Iraq in 2003, intervene militarily in Syria presents more dangers than opportunities. Obama is skeptical about the ability of the moderate Syrian opposition to rival a professional army supported by two powers (Iran and Russia) have one and the other strategic interests in Syria.

He believes that American intervention against the regime of Bashar Al-Assad would not fundamentally change the balance of forces and present a risk of getting bogged down. Obama does not believe Syrian President embodies the future of a martyr country after five years of civil war, but he put on a diplomatic process to achieve a cessation of hostilities and a political settlement primer. The solution to the Syrian crisis, he believes, is not military.

Thursday night unveiled diplomatic telegram of the signatories believe that it is precisely because the Syrian leader does not feel threatened that it is saving real political negotiations and promises, as he did on 7 June the military reconquest “every centimeter” his country. Its systematic violations of cease-fire negotiated by Russia and the United States ridicule besides Washington

“Usage wise ‘strikes

While US Secretary of State, John Kerry, occasionally stirring the threat of “Plan B” never explained, the “rebels” diplomats believe that “judicious use” military strikes would of “support a diplomatic process (…) more focused and more demanding,” according to excerpts of the document published by the press. In addition, the violence unleashed against Mr. Assad orchestra Syrian civilians, prosecute senior officials, made the game of IE, Obama ensures fight first.

It is unlikely that exasperation expressed by diplomats, which comes after the resignation for the same reasons of former US ambassador to Syria, Robert Ford, or former special adviser on Syria, Fred Hof, shakes the White House. Seven months only separate Obama from his departure from the White House and it will be up to her successor to take stock of this controversial Syrian policy.

The future Democratic candidate, former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton (2009-2013), had called for an intervention in Syria before the emergence of IE, which eventually settle there. It was however not before Russia takes advantage of the vacuum created by the US inaction to get involved militarily in the field. The future Republican candidate, Donald Trump, seems more inclined to favor, as Mr. Obama, the fight against EI. He also suggested he considered satisfactory the greater involvement of Russia.

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