IBM said these chips, analyze the information more like humans than chips currently found in personal computers and supercomputers.
These chips were developed in part with funding of 41 million USD granted by the research agency of the U.S. Department of Defense.
Giulio Tononi, a psychiatrist at the University of Wisconsin at Madison who participated in this project, says the new chips are not a step forward, but not many.
The new chips would include an increased capacity to deal with unexpected information. They could thus be used to analyze and interpret information from the real world, such as degrees of temperature, sound or movement.
The project manager at IBM Research, Dharmendra Modha, said he had to completely reinvent the computer chip. The main difference, he said, is the close association between memory and processor. Each chip is composed of parts that act as “neurons” and “synapses” digital. Each “core” has for its calculation functions, communication and memory.
It may take another decade before these chips do not leave the laboratory for use in the real world.