Communicate directly from his brain in the direction of another. In a world now ultra-connected, telepathy emerged as the new challenge for the giants of the high-tech and communication. It is even the future, according to Mark Zuckerberg, the young boss of Facebook.
There are few, it has engaged in a set of questions and answers through the social network that he launched in 2004. Asked what he hopes for the future of his company, the young billionaire imagine a way to exchange that could be similar to telepathy. “One day, I believe we will be able to send directly to the other a bunch of thoughts through technology,” he wrote thus to internet users. “You will only be able to think of something, and you friends will immediately be aware.”
If at first this prospect should be cold in the back, given the many controversies around issues of confidentiality and privacy on Facebook, it is only feasible in the medium or long term? “Yes and no,” replied the Washington Post , which looked into the case.
View the activity of a brain
Before considering pragmatically telepathy, it is important to delve briefly into our heads. Regardless of whether the action we perform, from the most basic to the most complicated, it requires in the human brain many connections between neurons. These neurotransmission, or electrical activity can be measured for several years now through electrodes: this is called electroencephalography. Or more recently by functional brain imaging, badged in English “fMRI”.
But how the visualization of brain activity of a person she could afford to communicate information? Researchers in neurology Berkeley, California, succeeded in 2011 to partially reconstruct a video clip displayed by patients only by measuring the activity of their brains. If the result is already possible to identify which objects were displayed by patients, image, once rebuilt, but lacked precision.
Implants or headset
In the crazy project Mark Zuckerberg, how can two brains talk to each other? The addition of an accessory appears obviously essential. As such, the two tracks have already been tested: the implant, and headset
In 2013, scientists at Duke University have established two lab rats with. electrodes. The first of two guinea pigs is then seen teach how to operate a particular lever. That’s when the second rat enters the scene: although uninitiated, it is also able to operate the lever used by the first rat: the researchers say while the information was transmitted neurological manner. Progress, far from infallible. It is indeed happened many times that the second rat lever actuates a bad during the experience.
Also spotted by Washington Post , an even more recent experience has pushed Scientists develop a helmet, “TMS” ( Transcranial magnetic stimulation ), which generates a magnetic field passing through the head of the user. Thus, a patient in India could think of words “hola” and “ciao” before sending them to France.
A mixed success to say the least, the connection that could not be done directly between the two subjects. Scientists were forced to recover the data subject in India and transcribe into binary code, before sending them over the Internet … Much more practical to send an e-mail, in the end.
New ongoing research?
If as yet no real information or emotion has actually been transmitted through thoughts, it should be remembered that research on telepathy are at final at the stage of infancy. Some experts, on the side of the famous MIT , however skeptical that this leads one day something viable.
But the side of Facebook, she was leaving Mark Zuckerberg so innocent that, or the social networking giant already there working on the issue? Contacted by Washington Post , a company spokesman preferred not to say anything. On the side of the division “research” of the business, where work is underway on augmented virtuality and artificial intelligence, nothing was officially released on the subject. Nothing?