Characterized by the presence of small deposits of subcutaneous fat on the eyelids, the xanthelasma had been a comprehensive study in Denmark. The authors confirm today that the plates are actually benign. However, they should not be overlooked and for good reason, they increase the risk of cardiovascular disease.
“Previous work had shown that these plaques were composed of cholesterol,” says Dr. Anne Tybaerg-Hansen, University of Copenhagen. “However, half of patients who are not suffering as much for dyslipidemia. Our objective was to determine how the presence of xanthelasma or corneal arc increases the risk of cardiovascular disease. “.
To find Tybaerg-Hansen and his team relied on data from the Copenhagen City Heart Study cohort. Nearly 13,000 Danes followed the majority for 33 years, participated in this work. None suffered from cardiovascular disease at the start of this work in 1976.
The corneal arc cleared
They are particularly interested in 4.4% of participants who had a xanthelasma. … And 24% of them who had a corneal arc. This is a deposit device and intra corneal circular white, also called arc gérontoxon or senile. And this ring is made of cholesterol.
In the end, Tybaerg-Hansen revealed good news and bad news. The good: in the light of this work, the corneal arc does not seem to “be an independent predictor of cardiovascular risk,” . However – and this is the bad news, “our results show that the presence of a well xanthelasma increases the risk of cardiovascular disease. This increase is 12%, men 70 to 79 years are most at risk. ” For the author, “this condition may in future be used by clinicians to identify patients at high cardiovascular risk.” When in doubt, if you have one or the other what these lipoïdoses – the name given to them by specialists – ask the advice of your doctor.