Colonoscopy is the gold standard that makes it possible to visualize polyps or cancerous lesions, as part of a search for Colorectal Cancer. It also helps identify the causes of intestinal bleeding, abdominal pain, unexplained chronic diarrhea. Finally, it offers treatment options such as removal of polyps. This examination is useful for monitoring patients with intestinal diseases clearly identified, or known risk factors for cancer, history of polyps, inflammatory bowel disease …
Conduct of the examination
Colonoscopy is generally done under general anesthesia of short duration, so-called comfort, and after the colon has been emptied of fecal matter: residue-free diet three days before the examination, then absorption of a specific solution designed to empty the colon. And all fruits, raw and cooked, all the grains and meat or fibrous tendon should be excluded. Finally no food to be absorbed during the 4 to 6 hours before the examination. It is also highly recommended not to smoke. The colonoscope is inserted through the anus to the proximal colon, the cecum, at its junction with the small intestine, the ileocecal valve. Air is blown as and when it progresses to loosen the sides.
Potential risks of colonoscopy
Colonoscopy is an examination of how current and its complications are rare. However cases of perforation of the colon wall and bleeding were observed. In the aftermath of the examination, abnormal onset or persistent abdominal pain, blood red or black stools, fever or chills imposed to prevent the gastroenterologist. The possible risks associated with any anesthesia must also be taken into account.
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