Some 200 million women and girls worldwide suffer genital mutilation half of them live in Egypt, Ethiopia and Indonesia, according to a new report by UNICEF, the United Nations fund for Children.
Somalia, Guinea and Djibouti are the countries with the higher the mutilation rate. But this rate has declined in some thirty countries, including Liberia, Burkina Faso and Kenya, the report said.
The UN has set a goal of stopping this practice by 2030, as part of the development goals adopted by 193 countries in September.
A widespread practice in 30 countries
200 million of the victims of genital mutilation 44 million are aged 14 or younger. In the 30 countries where the practice is most prevalent majority of girls were circumcised before the age of five.
“In countries such as Somalia, Guinea and Djibouti, this practice is almost universal “said Claudia Cappa, who led the drafting of the report. And 98% of girls suffer genital mutilation in Somalia, 97% in Guinea and 93% in Djibouti.
“To encourage the abandonment of this practice”
The overall figure of 200 million victims of female genital mutilation given by UNICEF exceeds 70 million last estimate dating from 2014, especially due to new data provided by Indonesia.
“We must support national efforts to encourage the abandonment of this practice, “said Claudia Cappa, who reported some progress” in the way communities view “this practice.
since 2008, over 15,000 communities . renounced FGM, including 2,000 last year
Five countries have laws criminalizing this practice: Kenya, Uganda, Guinea-Bissau and, recently, Nigeria and Gambia.