The West Nile virus is now making inroads into the European territory. As a result, the World Health Organization (WHO) calls for vigilance, and also encourages its member states to implement measures against mosquito breeding: work safety to reduce mosquito breeding sites, treatments mosquito-breeding sites and active.
Between early July and 11 August 2011, the Organization has reported 42 cases of human infection in Europe: 22 Greece, 11 in the Russian Federation, Israel 6, 2 and 1 in Albania Romania. According to its makers, the incidence of the disease augment compared to previous years and the phenomenon is exacerbated by the weather – alternating rain and heat-conducive to mosquito breeding.
However, the virus continues to plague the United States. At August 9, 2011, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in Atlanta reported 41 cases. The state most affected is the Mississippi (11 cases) followed by California (8). If Texas has recorded only two cases, one of them was fatal.
Prevention relies on personal protective measures to reduce the risk of being bitten by mosquitoes. These occur especially in the evening and night, mainly in wetlands: ponds, marshes, rivers, rice fields …
Protection measures are recognized as effective:
– The clothing covering arms and legs, applying a repellent on exposed skin areas and in pregnant women or young children, the impregnation of clothes with an insecticide special fabrics;
– The use of insecticides and broadcasters the use of mosquito nets.
In addition, personal protection is based on the destruction of breeding sites around homes. This is to eliminate any standing water, the latter being pro-laying mosquitoes. To do this:
– Remove the accumulated water in or on external objects or articles (saucers under flower pots, garbage cans, blankets pools …
– Eliminate as much as possible outside containers (tires, rain barrels coverage …
– Regularly clean the gutters.