In 2014, there were 1.9 billion people worldwide are overweight, including 600 million obese. According to a team of researchers from the Universities of Adelaide, Central Queensland and South Australia, the job is exerted may determine the risk of obesity.
To measure psychological qualities to work, models are used in which one considers the extent to which an employee can bring to bear its expertise and the extent to which it has the opportunity to make decisions .
In previous studies, these two factors have been studied together each time to measure their effect on health. It was assumed that a job with higher responsibilities is stressful, but the high degree of control can reduce the level of demand.
Published in Social Science & Medicine magazine, this study suggests that skills and decision-making must be judged separately, and certainly for a study on obesity.
A slimmer waist
The scientists examined 230 women and 220 men active. They found that the opportunity and the freedom to use their abilities at work are related to body mass index (BMI) lower and a slimmer waistline.
Among the people who often have to make decisions, it was exactly the opposite: they had a higher BMI and a tour of larger size.
“Often one blames the obese from overeating and too little move, but the psychological and social factors are also important,” says lead author Christopher Bean of the study.
Historically, occupying a position of responsibility is considered positive. However, the obligation to make many decisions causes more stress and encourages employees to eat more, but also leads to changes in how the body processes food, which leads to fat accumulation in the storage body.
According to the researchers, the interaction of an individual with certain traits can further enhance all that. Thus, someone who has to make many decisions will be more stressed if it is not resolved that someone very determined nature.
“So there are a lot of interactive processes that play a role in the risk of obesity,” says Bean. “However, as the work is a fundamental part of life, it is important to understand what factors are involved in the development of obesity.”
If no change, experts believe that the rate Global obese patients from 13 to 17% by 2025.