They are very effective against bacterial infections, but have no effect on viral infections. Some of these drugs inhibit the growth of bacteria. They are said bacteriostatic. Others are able to destroy them, and they are then called bactericidal.
As we have seen, antibiotics should not be administered in cases of viral infection. Unnecessary in this case, they may instead foster the emergence of bacterial resistance to these treatments. Finally, always in order to avoid the development of bacterial resistance, duration of treatment prescribed must be observed. Even when the fever and the symptoms disappeared prematurely, it should be continued.
– The beta-lactam antibiotics include penicillins;
– The Quinolones;
– The fosfomycin;
– The phenicols;