Every 10 minutes in the world, a child is born without nationality. A situation which the United Nations is warning in a report released Tuesday. “The problem is growing” according to the rapporteur of the project, Antonio Guterres.
“In the limited time where children learn to be children, statelessness can engrave in stone problems that haunt them throughout their childhood and thus condemn them to a life of discrimination , frustration and despair, “said Antonio Guterres, in the report he must make Wednesday.
70,000 births per year
On average, it is well 70,000 children born each year without any protection. Children that the New York Convention 1954 defines as “those that no state considers its nationals by operation of its law”.
Conflicts are the primary cause of statelessness in the world. In these situations, the lack of birth registration increases the risk of statelessness for refugees and migrants. This is the case with the conflict in Syria, the largest humanitarian crisis in the world according to the UN, that forced over four million people to flee to neighboring countries.
Several hundred thousand people, including women giving birth path , have fled to Europe. Partly because of gender discrimination enshrined in the Syrian law on nationality, Syrian children can acquire nationality by their father.
But the conflict has left nearly 25% of households without a father of Syrian refugees can attest nationality, the production of a birth certificate is the only way to prove citizenship of a child in many cases, says the High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) United Nations.
Yet the most affected continents are Europe (particularly in the successor states of the Soviet and Yugoslav burst blocks) and Africa, ravaged by conflicts that cause huge population displacements .In Asia, Burma remains the country most affected by statelessness. Since 1982, a legislative provision, the Rohingya were denied Burmese citizenship. Thousands of people then had to leave the country to escape persecution. Exile that continues today throughout Southeast Asia.