E-cigarette toxic effects. The Superior Council of Health (CSS), which looked at the request of the Minister Maggie De Block on the topic of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes), their potential danger and their possible role in the fight against smoking, reported Thursday a nuanced opinion which highlights the many uncertainties in this area.
CSS positively welcomes the new quality requirements defined at EU level for e-cigarettes containing nicotine, and which must be transposed into national law by May 2016. The Directive 2014/40 / EU concerning particular notification requirements on the part of Manufacturers and importers (ingredients, etc.), and the requirement that the doses of nicotine are released consistently or that the e-cigarette refills and are strong enough to prevent leakage of nicotine.
Despite this progress, the CSS stressed Thursday that “the toxic properties of flavors, colors and flavors added to e-cigarettes (both with or without nicotine) have not been adequately evaluated, since inhalation heated substances may have completely different effects from ingestion of these substances in foodstuffs “. The health consequences of prolonged vapotage over several months or years, are also unknown, given the relatively recent introduction of the practice. (E-cigarette toxic effects)
While advocating “caution and reserve,” the CSS however concludes that vapotage is conditionally less harmful than conventional smoking. In the first case, there is no combustion of tobacco, which limits the number of released toxic products. In this context, the use of electronic cigarette with nicotine seems to play a positive role in smoking cessation process, said the CSS, which also considers that one can not consider the commercialization of e- cigarettes in this part of the fight against smoking policy.
The CSS will advance very cautiously, stating in his report that we can not really decide now “on the effectiveness of the role of vapotage in reducing or stopping tobacco consumption “even if” experiments published in scientific literature to date are encouraging. ”
In summary, the Council recalls that nicotine consumption itself (therefore also via e-cigarettes containing nicotine) is harmful to health and should be limited as much as possible, with attention particular for young people, pregnant women, nonsmokers for which we do not know if the e-cigarette can be a springboard to the classic smoking. In this context, it is desirable to aim at limiting the vapotage indicates CSS.( E-cigarette toxic effects ).
But this goal is secondary and can not compromise the primary goal of reducing the prevalence of smoking, and within which the vapotage could play a role, insists it. CSS initiative therefore decided to include the entirety of the fight against smoking policy in its analysis, which led him to set some recommendations for debates.
Thus, in relation to the presentation and sale of cigarette packs, the Council argues bluntly for the introduction of neutral packages and to raise the minimum age from 16 to 18 years for the legal purchase of cigarettes. It also asks for stricter with regard to access to tobacco products restrictions, for example, make it impossible for their sale at supermarket checkouts.
“The introduction of plain packaging has proven effective through studies and practice in Australia and other countries such as Ireland, the United Kingdom and France announce these measures in 2016″ justifies the CSS, which also regrets that “tobacco products, including rolling tobacco, remain very cheap with us compared to our neighboring countries thanks to the current policy of price and taxes.”