A report by the NGO “Women in Europe for a Common Future” alert on the presence of chemical substances “high risk “in a very large number of cosmetic for babies. What are they and how to avoid them?
Based on scientific studies and assessments of the health authorities of the European Union (Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety SCCS) and French (National Agency of Drug Safety, ANSM), the NGO classified the ingredients these products in three categories: “high risk”, “moderate risk” and “low-risk or unidentified.” The study reveals that a large majority of products (299) are compounds of ingredients risk .
- The Methylisothiazolinone and Methylchloroisothiazolinone
These allergens contact were found in 19 products of the test panel, “including seven wipes.” Both substances are used as alternatives to parabens. They are conservative function, to prevent the growth of bacteria and fungi. The concentration limit is set at 0.01% for methylisothiazolinone (MI) and 0.0015% when mixed with methylchloroisothiazolinone (MI / MCI). This limit, however, does not suffice to remove all risks of allergic reactions. In February 2014, members of the National Drug Safety Agency (ANSM) gathered at the meeting confirmed several cases of allergy, whether or not rinsed off products.
- phenoxyethanol The
This is another preservative classified as “high risk.” It is used especially “in cosmetics such as face creams and body or sunscreens,” says the study. This agent presents no danger, but allergen is suspected of reproductive toxicity. Its maximum concentration should be limited between 1% and 0.4% for children under 3 years. The NGO has been detected in 54 products of which 26 wipes.
The fragrances are found in almost all products tested. And even products containing no fragrance “generally contain a floral water which also helps flavor,” says the study. The risk: allergies. 226 products tested in the study contained perfume.
The products at moderate risk
- The mineral oils
30 panel products contain petroleum. To be included in cosmetic products, mineral oils are mandatory “ultraraffinées” to get rid of all the impurities. Otherwise, the cancer risk would be too high. The NGO calls for caution here.
They were found in 50 products. Sulphates are present in “many household detergents, household cleaners, liquid detergents and shampoos.” They would tend to be “a little too aggressive for hair” and “irritating for sensitive skin” especially sodium lauryl , considered the most aggressive. They would however not carcinogenic.
- EDTA (disodium, tetrasodium, calcium disodium)
This substance has an effect on the product viscosity and is used in many soaps and foaming products. Some of these compounds are irritating to eyes. 87 products tested, including 30 wipes in contained.
- The nanoparticulate compounds
Nanomaterials ( MBBT, titanium dioxide, zinc oxide, etc. ) are classified as moderate risk by WECF, as their effects would be “poorly rated”. Are used as UV filter, opacifier or colorant.
low risk products
“These ingredients have long been used in cosmetics or in other areas and the data so far are relatively low concern” explains the study.
Two families of ingredients have been included in this category, namely parabens ( methylparaben and ethylparaben ) and the BHT (butylated hydroxytoluene) . According to the NGO, parabens “not all have the same risk profile.” Some are simply not allowed in leave-on products while others remain allowed. Again, WECF urges caution in their daily use.
The BHT , which is an antioxidant could, in turn, have an endocrine disruptor effect (with effects on hormonal balance that may cause birth defects and fertility problems). Its effect may still be low compared to other compounds. “The health risks are so tiny,” concludes the association.
Following this report, the NGO, which relies on an international network of 150 environmental and women’s organizations in 50 countries, calls “the prohibition of the three high-risk ingredients in all cosmetics for children less than three years. ” The NGO also proposed in its report a manual to read the labels of hygiene products there and identify potential risky ingredients.
Report “Women in Europe for a Common Future”: Cosmetics for babies, too many substances of concern
10 tips for baby health
1. Do not use cosmetics and hygiene products for baby systematically
2. Do not use cosmetic products for adults for babies
3 . Yes shampoo or face product etcorps bath, yes to liniment to clean the buttocks
4. Otherwise not mandatory, on the contrary, just use, in case of irritation of the seat, a cream for change, and a cleansing milk if the liniment is not enough
5. Avoid disposable wipes, except to troubleshoot when traveling
6 . Avoid cleaning waters and colognes, unnecessary use of tap water unless it is not recommended for consumption for health reasons
7 . Favour fragrance free
8. Favour products containing few ingredients
9 . For fans of ‘homemade’ respect draconian hygiene in the preparation of cosmetics and prepare only small amounts for failing to keep products longer and the risk of bacterial contamination
10. Beware of essential oils that can raise a young child for life. For massage, their use should always be very diluted (1 to 2% of the final preparation) and not before three years. It is best to avoid the risk of overdose, buying ready-made products.