Health

A british study exposes the ineffectiveness of treatments against obesity

Des chercheurs anglais s’alarment contre le manque d'efficacité des traitements contre l'obésité.

British researchers are alarmed against the lack of effectiveness of treatments against obesity. David Gaylor

A team of British researchers has shown that weight loss programs and sports exercises provided to obese people are not effective for them to lose weight or to prevent penddans to resume the next five years.

The chance of a moderately obese person (BMI between 30 and 35) to achieve a normal body weight after treatment is 1 in 210 for men and 1 in 124 for women.

For patients with severe obesity (BMI greater than 40), the chances are even lower. 1 of 1290 for men and 1 in 677 for women.

This is according to a study led by the “King’s College London” and financed by “the National Institute for Health Research” (NIHR).

To achieve these results, published in the journal “the American Journal of Public Health”, the scientists analyzed the medical records of 278,982 individuals (129,194 men and 149,788 women) who have obesity problems. These people, who followed a standard treatment against obesity includes nutritional program tailored exercises and sports, were followed between 1 November 2004 and 31 October 2014.

Overall, only 1,283 men and 2,245 Women with moderate obesity with a BMI between 30 and 35 have reached their normal body weight.

Changes in weight, with increases and decreases were also seen in more than a third patients. The study concludes that the current obesity treatments fail to achieve sustainable weight loss for the majority of obese patients.

Thus the annual probability of patients losing 5% weight was 1 12 for men and 1 in 10 for women. For those who had lost 5% weight, 53% were taken within two years and 78% within five years.

“Current strategies to fight against obesity fail to help majority of obese patients lose weight or maintain weight loss when it is recognized. It is urgent to develop new and more effective approaches for better management of the problem. The priority treatment should focus on prevention weight gain, “says Professor Martin Gulliford, lead author of the division of health research and social care in” King’s College London ”

Study reference:. http: // AJPH .aphapublications.org / doi / pdf / 10.2105 / AJPH.2015.302773

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