Economists polled by Reuters had forecast an increase in production of 0.3%.
Throughout the first quarter, industrial output shows an annual growth of 5.4% and manufacturing output growth of 10.4%, the largest gain since the second quarter of 2010.
In March, manufacturing suffered a sharp contraction in the production of nonmetallic mineral products. Auto production has increased it by 0.6% after 0.8% in February.
The rate of capacity utilization fell to 78.6% in March from 78.7% in February, up 1.7 points below its long-term average.